Collateral - Season 01 PATCHED
Monocytes are activated during collateral artery growth in vivo, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) has been shown to be upregulated by shear stress in vitro. In order to investigate whether MCP-1 enhances collateral growth after femoral artery occlusion, 12 rabbits were randomly assigned to receive either MCP-1, PBS, or no local infusion via osmotic minipump. Seven days after occlusion, isolated hindlimbs were perfused with autologous blood at different pressures, measuring flows at maximal vasodilation via flow probe and radioactive microspheres, as well as peripheral pressures. This allowed the calculation of collateral (thigh) and peripheral (lower limb) conductances from pressure-flow tracings (slope of the curve). Collateral growth on postmortem angiograms was restricted to the thigh and was markedly enhanced with MCP-1 treatment. Both collateral and peripheral conductances were significantly elevated in animals with MCP-1 treatment compared with the control group, reaching values of nonoccluded hindlimbs after only 1 week of occlusion (collateral conductance, 70.6 +/- 19.23 versus 25.1 +/- 2.59 mL/min per 100 mm Hg; P
Collateral - Season 01
CollateralSeries10x12Episode208WriterJordan HawleyDirectorMorgan BeggsBroadcast DateFebruary 4, 2011NavigationPrevious EpisodeIcarusNext EpisodeBeacon"Collateral" is the twelfth episode in the tenth season of Smallville, and the two hundred-eighth episode overall. It aired on February 4, 2011.
Put simply, collateral is an item of value that a lender can seize from a borrower if he or she fails to repay a loan according to the agreed terms. One common example is when you take out a mortgage. Normally, the bank will ask you to provide your home as collateral. This means that if you fail to meet the repayment terms of your mortgage, the bank has the right to take ownership of your home. The bank can then sell your home in order to recoup the money that it lent to you. Collateral acts as a guarantee that the lender will receive back the amount lent even if the borrower does not repay the loan as agreed.
Detectives Bunk Moreland and Jimmy McNulty enjoy some crabs, a perk of McNulty's new assignment. McNulty insists the door stay shut, as he is avoiding Colonel Rawls. Bunk learns that McNulty spent three hours working out where a floating body was dumped in order to establish that it fell under Rawls' jurisdiction. Bunk chastises him for dumping the case on Detective Ray Cole, but McNulty dismisses Cole's troubles as collateral damage. McNulty leaves his shift on the boat early, using poorly-tied knots to moor the boat. His partner Claude Diggins chastises him for his poor seaman skills. He visits the container and discusses the case with Beadie Russell. He thinks there may be a link between the girls in the container and his floater, and Beadie tells him about an extra bedroll in the container. McNulty checks the crushed air pipe and notes that it appears to have been crushed deliberately. Beadie and McNulty meet with the coroner, who agrees that this is grounds to consider the girls murdered.
The four-part British drama has been praised for being state-of-the-art and innovative, featuring top-notch acting and moody, atmospheric lighting and set design. With more and more fans discovering the many charms of Collateral, many viewers are wondering if there will be a second season, and when they can expect it to start streaming.
Collateral pledged to Federal Reserve Banks (Reserve Banks) can be used to secure discount window advances and extensions of daylight credit for master account activity including charges associated therewith. For more information on the use of collateral under the Payment System Risk (PSR) policy, refer to the Guide to the Federal Reserve's Payment System Risk Policy on Intraday Credit found on the Payment System Risk Related Policy Documents site.
Under the terms and conditions of Operating Circular 10, a pledging institution assigns and grants a security interest in collateral to the Reserve Bank. It should be noted that the Reserve Bank must be able to obtain a first priority perfected security interest in the pledged collateral. Operating Circular 10 empowers the Reserve Bank to file a public financing statement.
Pledges and withdrawals of collateral maintained with FSS may be made during the general hours of operation noted below. Institutions should consult FSS directly for transaction specific instructions as platform operations and hours are subject to change.
A pledge or withdrawal request can be submitted online using FedLine or offline by contacting the appropriate Wholesale Operations Site by phone. It should be noted that principal and interest payments on pledged securities will continue to flow to the pledging institution; however, principal at maturity may be suspended if needed to collateralize an outstanding obligation.
Institutions interested in pledging in-transit collateral for PSR purposes should contact their local Reserve Bank for detailed information and technical specifications. In addition, at least twice a year, the Reserve Bank performs an audit of in-transit processes and records.
Pledges and withdrawals of collateral maintained with DTC may be made during the general hours of operation noted below. An institution should consult DTC directly for transaction specific instructions as platform operations and hours are subject to change.
Pledges and withdrawals of collateral maintained with Clearstream may be made during the general hours of operation noted below. An institution should consult Clearstream directly for transaction specific instructions as platform operations and hours are subject to change.
Clearstream is an international central securities depository based in Luxembourg and is a principal clearing and settlement agent for global and non-U.S. dollar denominated securities. Pledging collateral via Clearstream requires that the pledging institution and the Reserve Bank enter into a tri-party pledging arrangement. Any institution wishing to pledge collateral via Clearstream should contact its local Reserve Bank.
Pledges and withdrawals of collateral maintained with Euroclear may be made during the general hours of operation are noted below. An institution should consult Euroclear directly for transaction specific instructions as platform operations are subject to change.
Euroclear is an international central securities depository based in Belgium and is a principal clearing and settlement agent for global and non-U.S. dollar denominated securities. Pledging collateral via Euroclear requires that the pledging institution and the Reserve Bank enter into a tri-party pledging arrangement. Any institution wishing to pledge collateral via Euroclear should contact its local Reserve Bank.
For commercial loan portfolios, an institution must submit its internal risk rating policies to its local Reserve Bank. Local Reserve Bank analysts will conduct a review of the institution's internal rating system and loan documentation practices. If acceptable, the Reserve Bank will rely upon the integrity of the institution's rating system and internal credit evaluation procedures to confirm the credit quality of loans pledged. The Reserve Bank will also use this information to determine which loans within a proposed pledge portfolio will be eligible to be pledged and what collateral value will be assigned.
Once an institution has met all the reporting requirements of its local Reserve Bank and the BIC arrangement has been approved, the institution must submit a cover letter and initial collateral schedule or equivalent documentation listing current outstanding amounts for the loans, along with other pertinent information. An institution should contact its local Reserve Bank to learn what specific information to include on the collateral schedule and how frequently the schedule should be submitted.
Pledging institutions are generally required to submit collateral schedules in an electronic form eligible for the automated loan deposit (ALD) process. With the ALD process, each customer loan in a collateral schedule is recorded and valued individually. Listings can be submitted in several electronic file formats, including Microsoft Excel, comma separated value (CSV), text and non-imaged portable document format (PDF). The Federal Reserve also has a specified fixed-format text file that can be used. Refer to the File Specification sections below for additional information.
Pledging institutions are expected to transmit collateral schedules to their local Reserve Bank using an approved method of secure email transmission. Pledging institutions should refer to the File Specifications section below or contact their local Reserve Bank for additional information.
After the initial deposit, a pledging institution or custodian must submit a periodic collateral schedule that identifies loans held under the third-party custody arrangement. A pledging institution should contact its local Reserve Bank to learn what specific information to include on the collateral schedule and how frequently to submit the schedule.
The chart should be used as guidance when pledging loans to a Reserve Bank. Consult the Call Report for the assets that are covered in each Reserve Bank loan type and Margin Category. An institution should contact its local Reserve Bank for more detailed information about requirements for BIC program participation. Final collateral eligibility is determined through review and approval by the local Reserve Bank.
The process for pledging loan collateral to a Reserve Bank depends in part on whether the pledging institution is in the in-scope category or out-of-scope category. The difference between the two groups is the amount of information the pledging institution must provide about each pledged loan. In-scope institutions must provide a more detailed set of data elements for pledged loans. 041b061a72